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Alfredo Guzzoni: Generale d’armata

by Valdis Kursietis

The following information provides a snapshot of the career of Generale d’armata Alfredo Guzzoni.

Generale d’armata Alfredo Guzzoni.

Generale d’armata Alfredo Guzzoni.

Born: 12 April 1877 in Mantua
Died: 23 April 1965 in Rome.

Promotions

Sottotenente: 30 October 1896
Tenente: 21 December 1899
Capitano: 1 September 1911
Maggiore: 12 December 1915
Tenente colonnello: 1917
Colonnello: 20 September 1917
Generale di brigata: 1 January 1930
Generale di divisione: 14 March 1933
Generale di corpo d’armata: 11 January 1937
Generale comandante designato d’armata: 15 May 1939
Generale d’armata: 30 November 1940

Assignments

16 September 1918 – 20 December 1918: Chief of Staff, III Army Corps
20 December 1918 – February 1920: Chief of Operations Office, Ministry of War
February 1920 – July 1921: Chief of Staff, Allied Control Commission for Austria
July 1921 – May 1924: Chief of Staff, Allied Control Commission for Hungary
June 1924 – April 1925: Chief of Military Secretariat, Ministry of War
April 1925 – June 1925: Chief of Cabinet, Ministry of War
June 1925 – 5 December 1926: President, Allied Control Commission for Hungary
5 December 1926 – 10 April 1929: Commanding Officer, 58th Infantry Regiment
10 April 1929 – 1 January 1930: Chief of Orders Office, Ministry of War
1 January 1930 – 1 October 1931: Commanding Officer, III Alpine Brigade
1 October 1931 – 24 September 1933: Commandant, Academy of Infantry and Cavalry of Modena and School of Application of Infantry of Parma
24 September 1933 – 8 February 1934: General Officer Commanding, Military Territorial Division of Roma (21)
8 February 1934 – 18 November 1935: General Officer Commanding, Infantry Division “Granatieri di Sardegna”
18 November 1935 – June 1936: at the disposition of the Ministry for the Colonies, Deputy Governor of Asmara
June 1936 – 1 April 1937: Governor of Asmara
9 May 1937 – 7 April 1939: General Officer Commanding, Army Corps of Udine
7 April 1939 – 23 April 1939: Commander-in-Chief, Troops intended to occupy Albania
23 April 1939 – 1 December 1939: Commander-in-Chief, Troops in Albania
1 December 1939 – 29 November 1940: Commander-in-Chief, 4th Army
30 November 1940 – 24 May 1941: Undersecretary of State for War and Vice Chief of the General Staff
1 November 1941: placed on leave for reasons of age
20 October 1942 – 30 May 1943: recalled to duty, at the disposition of Ministry of War for Special Duties
30 May 1943 – 11 September 1943: Commander-in-Chief, 6th Army
11 September 1943: Retired

Awards & Decorations

Commendatore dell’Ordine Militare di Savoia: 16 January 1941
Cavaliere dell’Ordine Militare di Savoia: 18 December 1919
Gran cordone dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia: 19 May 1939
Grande ufficiale dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia: 29 June 1935
Commendatore dell’Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro: 3 June 1937
Commendatore dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia: 10 April 1924
Ufficiale dell’Ordine coloniale della Stella d’Italia: 27 December 1934
Cavaliere dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia: 1 June 1916
Croce al merito di guerra
Medaglia d’argento al valor militare
Medaglia commemorativa della guerra italo-austriaca 1915 – 18 (4 anni di campagna)
Medaglia commemorativa dell’Unità d’ItaliaMedaglia commemorativa italiana della vittoria

Additional Notes

Alfredo Guzzoni graduated from the Royal Military Academy of Modena on 30 October 1896. Taken prisoner by fascist forces in September 1944, he was tried for treason and sentenced to death. Guzzoni was saved from execution by a firing squad thanks to the testimony of his German colleagues, who confirmed his loyalty to the Axis in the defense of Sicily.

Sources:
Bollettino ufficiale delle nomine, promozioni e destinazioni negli ufficiali e sottufficiali del R. esercito italiano
e nel personale dell’amministrazione militare
Annuario militare del Regno d’Italia
Augusto
La Stampa Archivio
http://www.mondostoria.it/alfredo-guzzoni.html
Wikipedia

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