I know several cases of Wehrmacht/SS troops and officers, and even civilians, who committed suicide to avoid capture/surrender. Were there any incidents of Italians doing the same?
According to Catholic teaching, suicide is a serious sin which damns the soul of the suicide to hell, unless he was in a state of severe interior turmoil or was mentally incompetent. Therefore, suicide is an option which is chosen more rarely in Italy than in other cultures, such as the Japanese one.
If we take into account "normal" suicides alone, instead, I cannot recall any example for soldiers or officers, and only a few involving politically active people. One was the journalist Manlio Morgagni, the editor in chief of the news agency "Stefani", who took his life on 26 July 1943, after the fall of Mussolini. Another was the journalist Giovanni Preziosi, who killed himself along with his wife on 27 April 1945, upon the defeat of the RSI at the end of WW2.
Yes, these suicides were fully based upon ideological reasons. You can read the last messages left by Morgagni and Preziosi in their Wikipedia pages:Thank you for sharing. Those sound more like the ideological suicides that I came across from Nazi Germany.
I remembered him, but in my opinion his suicide cannot be included in the classification by Kolja. Commander Fecia di Cossato committed suicide because he was placed under arrest after his insubordination towards the Bonomi govern, which hadn't sworn its oath to the King, and probably due to a certain state of psychological depression. This was not linked to the decision to avoid surrender, which was the reason put forward by Kolja and that can certainly be applied to the cases of gen. Frangipani, of the Navy commanders who died with their ships, and of Morgagni and Preziosi. The case of gen. Agosti is borderline, because after all he had surrendered, but he committed suicide because he stated that he didnt' want to be put on trial by "a bunch of traitors". Also the suicide of Marshal Ugo Cavallero, moreover, could not be included in Kolja's classification in my opinion.Kolja,
How could I have forgotten him??? Carlo Fecia Di Cossato! Italian submarine ace. He is my profile picture on this forum! He committed suicide in Naples. His suicide note is available on Regia Marina net and the Comando Supremo main site. It makes interesting and sad reading!