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Military Service of Vittorio Ambrosio: Generale d’armata

by Valdis Kursietis

Background on Generale d’armata Vittorio Ambrosio

The following information provides a snapshot of the career of Generale d’armata Vittorio Ambrosio.

Born: 28 July 1879 in Turin.
Died: 19 November 1958 in Alessio.

Promotions:

Sottotenente: 14 September 1898.
Tenente: 19 December 1901.
Capitano: 26 October 1910.
Maggiore: 30 April 1916.
Tenente colonello: 25 February 1917.
Colonnello: 6 January 1918.
Generale di brigata: 19 December 1926.
Generale di divisione: 7 February 1932.
Generale di corpo d’armata: 30 November 1935.
Generale designato d’armata: 10 December 1938.
Generale d’armata: 29 October 1942.

Vittorio Ambrosio

Vittorio Ambrosio

Assignments

13 Feb 1919 – 25 May 1919: Chief of Staff, 26th Infantry Division.
25 May 1919 – 20 Jun 1922: Chief of Staff, 3rd Cavalry Division.
20 Jun 1922 – 1924: Commanding Officer, Cavalry Regiment “Savoia Cavalleria”.
1924 – 19 Dec 1926: Deputy Commandant, School of Cavalry.
19 Dec 1926 – 1 Mar 1928: Commandant, School of Cavalry.
1 Mar 1928 – 15 Mar 1932: Commandant, School of Cavalry.
15 Mar 1932- 19 Oct 1933: G.O.C., 2nd Fast Division “Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro”.
19 Oct 1933 – 30 Oct 1935: Inspector of Fast Troops.
30 Oct 1935 – 10 Dec 1938: General Officer Commanding, Army Corps of Sicilia (XII).
10 Dec 1938 – 20 Jan 1942: General Officer Commanding, 2nd Army.
20 Jan 1942 – 2 Feb 1943: Chief of the Army General Staff.
2 Feb 1943 – 18 Nov 1943: Chief of the Supreme General Staff.
18 Nov 1943 – 31 Jul 1944: Inspector-General of the Army.
31 Jul 1944: At the disposition of the Ministry of War.

Awards & Decorations

Commendatore dell’Ordine Militare di Savoia: 20 Nov 1941.
Cavaliere dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia: 9 Nov 1916.
Cavaliere dell’Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro: 13 Sep 1918.
Ufficiale dell’Ordine coloniale della Stella d’Italia: 19 Apr 1934.
Grande ufficiale dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia: 9 May 1935.
Commendatore dell’Ordine Militare d’Italia: 20 Nov 1941.
Medaglia commemorativa della guerra italo-turca.
Medaglia commemorativa della guerra italo-austriaca 1915 – 18 (4 anni di campagna).
Medaglia commemorativa dell’Unità d’Italia.
Medaglia commemorativa italiana della vittoria.

Additional Notes

Vittorio Ambrosio graduated from the Nunziatella Military School in 1893 and from the Military Academy of Modena on 30 September 1896. He served in the cavalry arm. As Chief of the General Staff, Vittorio Ambrosio became active in the movement to dissociate Italy from the alliance with Germany and negotiate a separate peace with the Anglo-Americans on the basis of neutrality. In 1942, he married Ante Nikšić, the daughter of the Minister of the Interior of Croatia.

Sources:
Bollettino ufficiale delle nomine, promozioni e destinazioni negli ufficiali e sottufficiali del R. esercito italiano e nel personale dell’amministrazione militare
Annuario militare del Regno d’Italia
difesa.it
https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vittorio_Ambrosio
Augusto
Archivio La Stampa

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