According to the Nafziger books, an Artillery Battalion has an HQ Battery that includes a Platoon with a Signals Section, a Calibration Section and a Observation Section, as well as Staff Section and a Reserve Section. In addition the Battery has two Observation Platoons each with a Signals...
Interestingly, the article states that the British 2pdr in France 1940 was using only APHE, not solid AP.
Despite the explosive filler of the APHE, it actually had less penetration than the AP shot.
I do know from an Axis...
Yes, although the British 18pdr and French 75mm M1897 did have APHE rounds available, but that's a separate topic.
I do accept that the Nafziger material is not 100%, but I do use it as a good starting point. And these OOB in this book are unusual in that it lists differing amounts of weapons...
The Nafziger OOB for Trento on Aug 22nd 1942 on pg.166 of the book lists two battalions attached, quote: (my italics)
254th Artillery Battalion (attached from XXI Corps, sometimes identified as the 354th Artillery Battalion (1st, 2nd, 3rd batteries each 4x 77/28)
355th Artillery Battalion...
"In reading the Finazzer & Riccio quote, nothing states that these gun were provided to the divisions specifically for use as c.c. The quote indicates that the divisions decided to use them in that role of c.c. Do the authors provide a cite for this info (I assume Cappellano)?"
"I looked at all the Nafziger OOBs at CARL and couldn't find one dated Aug 1942. I looked through the Italian officials and couldn't find a Aug 42 OB (the natural place for Nafziger to copy a OOB). I also looked at Niehorster and he doesn't have an Aug 42 OB. "
Well this is it, I cannot find it...
One source is Italian Army in North Africa, A Poor Fighting Force or Doomed by Circumstance, Walter S Zapotoczny Jr, Fonthill Media Limited, (2018) ISBN 978-1-78155-674-0
which cites Nafziger sourced OOBs for August 1942
showing 102nd Trento with 354th and 355th Battalions each 3 batteries each...
For what it's worth, I have the following penetration values and dates for Italian EP HEAT rounds:
47/32 4cm/90* out to 1300m (from April 1942)
65/17 4cm/90* out to 1500m (from march 1942)
75/18 7cm/90* out to 1000m (from October 1942)
75/27 7cm/90* out to 1000m (from March 1942)
Looking at 1942 OOBs, it seems some of the GAF 77/28 field guns were issued as anti-tank guns to infantry divisions in North Africa.
I haven't come across an AP round for this old gun, so did they have to suffer the indignity of only having HE rounds, or was an APHE or HEAT (EP) round issued?
I am sure I read somewhere (older version of this forum or Tanknet?) that the 90/53 on Lancias first deployed to North Africa in 1942 were only supplied with HE proximity rounds, for AA use.
The article stated that to operate in the ground role, the crews modified proximity fuses to impact...
The Tank Power series has some excellent colour profiles of Italian armour, including captured AFVs:
Tank Power XXIX 253 Czolgi Mussoliniego (Mussolini's Tanks) by Janusz Ledwoch, (2006) ISBN 83-7219-253-7 or978-83-7219-253-0
The Green Series of books from Poland are excellent:
Green Series 4122 - Light Trucks of the Italian Army in WW2 by Enrico Finazzer & Luigi Carretta MMP Books (2017) ISBN 978-83-65281-22-7
Green Series 4119 - Italian Artillery of WW2 by Enrico Finazzer & Ralph A Riccio, MMP Books (2015) ISBN...