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Melchiade Gabba: Generale d’Armata

by Valdis Kursietis

Background on Generale d’armata

The following information provides a snapshot of the career of Generale d’armata Melchiade Gabba.

Melchiade Gabba

Generale d’armata Melchiade Gabba.

Born: 20 August 1874 in Milan
Died: 17 November 1952 in Rome

Promotions

Sottotenente: 5 September 1894
Tenente: 21 August 1897
Capitano: 22 September 1908
Maggiore: 8 April 1915
Tenente colonnello: 18 May 1916
Colonnello: 16 June 1917
Generale di brigata: 30 May 1926
Generale di divisione: 1 January 1931
Generale di corpo d’armata: 9 May 1934
Comandante designato d’armata: 23 May 1936
Generale comandante designato d’armata: 2 July 1936

Assignments

4 January 1919 – 24 January 1919: Chief of Staff, XIV Army Corps
1 February 1919 – 7 April 1919: Chief of Staff, Military Territorial Division of Chieti
7 April 1919 – 9 May 1919: Head of Italian Military Mission to Transcaucasus
9 May 1919 – 7 August 1920: Royal Political Agent to Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia
7 August 1920 – 28 September 1920: Chief of Staff, Milan Army Corps
28 September 1920 – 4 June 1921: Chief of Operations, Army General Staff
6 September 1921 – May 1926: Commanding Officer, Royal Corps of Colonial Troops of Eritrea
30 May 1926 – 23 June 1927: Chief of Staff, Designated Army of Milano
23 June 1927 – 14 September 1931: Chief of Staff, Designated Army of Firenze
14 Sep 1931 – 18 November 1932: General Officer Commanding, Military Territorial Division of Livorno
18 November 1932 – 27 March 1935: Chief Aide-de-Camp to the Crown Prince
27 March 1935 – 30 June 1936: Chief of Staff, Italian East Africa
15 September 1936 – 20 August 1938: Designated General Officer Commanding, Army of Napoli
20 August 1938 – 31 July 1940: assigned to Ministry of War for Special Duties
31 July 1940: Transferred to the reserve

Awards & Decorations

Cavaliere dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia 31 December 1914
Commendatore dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia 12 May 1921
Grande ufficiale dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia 11 November 1933
Gran cordone dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia 11 November 1934
Cavaliere dell’Ordine dei S.S. Maurizio e Lazzaro 14 January 1916
Cavaliere ufficiale dell’Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro 30 December 1919
Commendatore dell’Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro 15 January 1931
Grande ufficiale dell’Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro 21 March 1935
Gran cordone dell’Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro 14 January 1937
Cavaliere dell’Ordine militare di Savoia 28 February 1918
Ufficiale dell’Ordine militare di Savoia 11 November 1920
Grande ufficiale dell’Ordine militare di Savoia 9 July 1936
Cavaliere nell’Ordine coloniale della Stella d’Italia 17 May 1923
Commendatore dell’Ordine coloniale della Stella d’Italia 14 March 1926
Grande ufficiale dell’Ordine coloniale della Stella d’Italia 1° December 1930
Gran cordone dell’Ordine coloniale della Stella d’Italia 4 May 1936
Medaglia a ricordo della campagna d’Africa
Croce d’oro per anzianità di servizio
Croce al merito di guerra (2)
Medaglia commemorativa della guerra 1915-1918
Medaglia interalleata della Vittoria
Medaglia a ricordo dell’Unità d’Italia
Medaglia di bronzo al merito di lungo comando di reparto
Medaglia commemorativa delle operazioni in A.O.I.
Medaglia mauriziana al merito militare di dieci lustri
Distintivo d’onore

Additional Notes

Generale d’armata Melchiade Gabba graduated from the Military Academy of Milan in September 1894. He became appointed Senator on 5 April 1939. Gabba was a member of the Commission of the Affairs of Italian Africa from 17 April 1939 – 10 July 1941. He became Vice-President of the Commission of the Affairs of Italian Africa from 10 July 1941 to 5 August 1943. Gabba served as Minister for Italian Africa from 26 July 1943 to 24 February 1944.

Sources:
Bollettino ufficiale delle nomine, promozioni e destinazioni negli ufficiali e sottufficiali del R. esercito italiano
e nel personale dell’amministrazione militare
Annuario militare del Regno d’Italia
Senato della Repubblica

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