Our biographies section offers detailed information on the many men and women who shaped Italian World War Two history. Whether they are politicians, military leaders or scientists, these Italians left their mark in history. For instance, Italo Balbo was considered by many to be Mussolini’s replacement as leader of the Fascist party. Marshal of Italy Giovanni Messe is considered by many to be Italy’s most competent General in WWII. Also of interest is physicist Enrico Fermi, an Italian Jew who escaped from Italy’s racial laws enacted in 1938. Fermi went on to be considered the principal architect of the nuclear age. Browse around and read about these, and many other, historic personas.
Benito Mussolini is the Italian fascist dictator who ruled Italy from 1922 until 1943 when he was deposed, captured and assassinated by partisans in 1945.