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Ezio Rosi: Generale d’armata

by Valdis Kursietis

The following information provides a snapshot of the career of Generale d’armata Ezio Rosi.

Generale d’armata Ezio Rosi

Generale d’armata Ezio Rosi

Born: 19 March 1881 in Vicenza.
Died: 5 August 1963 in Bologna.

Promotions

Sottotenente: 7 September 1905
Tenente: 7 September 1908
Capitano: 5 April 1914
Maggiore: 10 December 1916
Tenente colonnello: 7 October 1917
Colonnello: 13 June 1926
Generale di brigata: 10 August 1934
Generale di divisione: 9 September 1937
Generale di corpo d’armata: 31 May 1940
Generale designato d’armata: 3 May 1943

Assignments

1 January 1933 – 16 June 1934: Commander of Artillery, Army Corps of Bologna
16 June 1934 – 6 July 1934: assigned to Ministry of War for Special Duties
6 July 1934 – 7 October 1936: Director General, Logistics Service, Ministry of War
7 October 1936 – 1 December 1937: Vice Chief of the General Staff of the Army (Intendancy)
1 December 1937 – 10 March 1939: General Officer Commanding, Infantry Division “Granatieri di Sardegna”
10 March 1939 – 17 July 1939: Undersecretary of State, Ministry of War
17 July 1939 – 9 November 1940: General Officer Commanding, Army Corps of Bologna (VI)
9 November 1940 – 1 February 1943: Commander-in-Chief, 6th Army
1 February 1943 – 18 May 1943: Chief of the General Staff of the Army
1 June 1943 – 11 September 1943: Commander-in-Chief, Army Group East

Awards & Decorations

Cavaliere dell’Ordine Militare di Savoia: 17 May 1919
Gran Cordone dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia: 12 July 1942
Grande Ufficiale dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia
Commendatore dell’Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro: 20 January 1938
Commendatore dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia: 25 October 1931
Ufficiale dell’Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro: 12 January 1933
Ufficiale dell’Ordine coloniale della Stella d’Italia: 16 July 1936
Ufficiale dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia: 18 April 1926
Cavaliere dell’Ordine dei SS. Maurizio e Lazzaro
Cavaliere dell’Ordine coloniale della Stella d’Italia
Cavaliere dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia: 3 June 1916
Medaglia di bronzo al valor militare

Additional Notes

Ezio Rosi graduated from the School of Application of Artillery and Engineering of Turin on 8 September 1900. Luftwaffe Generalmajor Dr. Walter Gnamm arrested him on 11 September 1943 and took him to Belgrade, and later to Vienna. He was then deported to Schokken Lager 64Z, in Poland, and later transferred to the Thorn camp (Pomerania) for maintaining his strong anti-German position and refusing to join the Italian Social Republic. Extradited to Italy to be tried by the Special Court of Verona, he was handed over to the authorities of the Italian Social Republic and imprisoned. The trial, which began on 28 January 1944, ended with his acquittal on every charge. Rosi left Brescia prison in January 1945. However, given his personal anti-fascist and anti-German sentiments, he was subjected to special surveillance measures, which ended on 25 April 1945 with the end of the war in Italy.

Sources:
Bollettino ufficiale delle nomine, promozioni e destinazioni negli ufficiali e sottufficiali del R. esercito italiano e nel personale dell’amministrazione militare
Annuario militare del Regno d’Italia
Wikipedia
La Stampa
Augusto

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