Fate of Regia Marina by Vessel Class
We have compiled a list detailing the fate of the Regia Marina broken down by class of vessel. This is an ongoing research project that is updated from time to time. Please contact us with any new information or for corrections.
Littorio Class Battleships
Impero: Only 28% of the vessel was complete following the armistice.
Littorio (Renamed – Italia): The Littorio (Italia) arrived in Malta on 10 September 1943 and subsequently interned at the Suez Canal for the rest of the war. It never served again. The final peace treaty forced Italy to destroy it on 01 June 1948.
Roma: Sunk by a German guided missile on 8 September 1943 following a direct hit at its ammunition magazine. Casualties amounted to 1,352 crewmen, including Admiral Carlo Bergamini.
Vittorio Veneto: The Vittorio Veneto arrived in Malta on 10 September 1943 and subsequently interned at the Suez Canal for the rest of the war. It never served again. The final peace treaty forced Italy to destroy it on 01 February 1948.
About Littorio Class Battleships.
Andrea Doria Class Battleships
Andrea Doria: On 10 September 1943 it reached Malta from Taranto. After the war, it remained in the Italian navy and decommissioned in 1956.
Caio Duilio: On 10 September 1943 it reached Malta from Taranto. After the war, it remained in the Italian navy and decommissioned in 1956.
About the Andrea Doria Class.
Conte di Cavour Class Battleships
Giulio Cesare: On 8 September 1943 it left Trieste to reach Malta where it was interned by the allies. After the war, it was given to the Soviet Union. It sunk in Odessa in 1957 due to the explosion of an ammunition depot.
Conte di Cavour: Damaged on 11 November 1940 in Taranto by torpedo bombers. It was hit by only one torpedo, but enough to partially sink it. Put afloat, it was towed to Trieste to be repaired. It remained there after the armistice of 8 September 1943. The Cavour was “captured” by the Germans but sunk on 15 February 1945 by bombers. The Conte di Cavour was scrapped after the war.
About Conte di Cavour Class Battleships.
Aquila (never completed): In 1943, Italian frogmen partially scuttled the ship to prevent it from getting into German hands. It was then salvaged, but scuttled by the Germans in 1945. In 1946, the Aquila was salvaged but only to be towed for scrap metal. It never entered service for the Italian Navy.
Sparviero (never completed): The aircraft carrier was scrapped in 1952.
Marconi Class Submarines
Guglielmo Marconi: Sunk on 28 October 1941 in the Atlantic off the Strait of Gibraltar.
Leonardo da Vinci: Sunk on 23 May 1943 by depth charges 300 miles (500 km) off Vigo, Spain. Click here for more.
Michele Bianchi: Sunk on 5 July 1941 after being torpedoed by British submarine HMS Tigris off Bordeaux.
Luigi Torelli: Captured in Singapore by the Japanese in 1943. It was ceded to the Germans and captured again by the Japanese in 1945 until the U.S. Navy took possession of it. It was scuttled in 1946.
Alessandro Malaspina: Sunk on 10 September 1941 by depth charges from a Sunderland.
Maggiore Baracca: Sunk on 8 September 1941 and being bombed and rammed by the British destroyer HMS Croome in the Atlantic.
Marcello Class Submarines
Mocenigo: Sunk by U.S. aerial bombardment in the port of Cagliari on 13 May 1943.
Dandolo: Surrendered to the Allies 8 September 1943 and stricken in 1947.
Veniero: Sunk by a Consolidated PBY Catalina on 7 June 1942 in the Mediterranean.
Provana: Damaged by depth charges and then rammed by the French gunboat La Curieuse near Oran on 16 June 1940.
Marcello: Sunk in the Atlantic on 22 February 1941 by depth charges.
Nani: Sunk by British corvette HMS Anemone near Iceland 7 January 1941.
Barbarigo: Lost around 16 June 1943 in the Bay of Biscay.
Emo: Scuttled 10 November 1942.
Morosini: Sunk on 11 August 1942 by a British aircraft in the Atlantic.
Comandante Cappellini: Transferred to the Kriegsmarine and captured by the Japanese on 8 September 1943 in Sapang.
Comandante Faà di Bruno: Sunk on 31 October 1940 in the Atlantic.
Glauco Class Submarines
Glauco: Scuttled on 27 June 1941 west of Gibraltar.
Otaria: Surrendered to the Allies on 9 September 1943 and scrapped in 1948.
Brin Class Submarines
Archimede: Sunk by U.S NavyCatalina aircraft off the coast of Brazil on 15 April 1943.
Brin: Forfeited to the Allies in 1943 and scrapped in February 1948.
Galvani: Sunk by HMS Falmouth near the Persian Gulf on 26 June 1940.
Guglielmotti: Sunk by HMS Unbeaten near Cape Spartivento (not during the battle) on 17 March 1942.
Torricelli: Sunk in the Red Sea by HMS Kandahar, HMS Khartoum, HMS Kingston, and HMS Shoreham on 23 June 1940.
Adua Class Submarine
Adua: Sunk on 30 September 1941 by Destroyers HMS Gurkha and Legion in the western Mediterranean sea.
Alagi: Sold for scrap on 1 February 1948.
Aradam: Sunk on 4 September 1944 in Genova by Allied bombers.
Ascianghi: Scuttled near Augusta, Sicily on 23 July 1943 after an attack by Destroyers HMS Laforey and Eclipse.
Axum: Scuttled near Morea on 28 December 1943 during a mission for the Allies.
Beilul: Sunk by Allied air attack at Monfalcone in May 1944.
Dagabur: Sunk during Operation Pedestal by the Destroyer HMS Wolverine.
Dessiè: Sunk on 28 November 1942 by Destroyers HMS Quiberon and Quentin, near Bona, Algeria.
Durbo: Scuttled on 18 October 1940 near Gibraltar after the attack by Destroyers HMS Firedrake and Wrestler.
Gondar: Scuttled on 30 September 1940 near Alexandria after an attack by Destroyers HMAS Stuart and HMS Diamond.
Lafolè: Sunk on 20 October 1940 north of Melilla by Destroyers HMS Gallant, Hotspur and Griffin.
Macallé: Ran aground and scuttled on the island of Bar Musa Chebir on 15 June 1940.
Neghelli: Sunk on 19 January 1941 by Destroyer HMS Greyhound.
Sciré: Sunk on 10 August 1942 near Haifa by HMS Islay.
Tembien: Sunk on 2 August 1941 west of Malta by HMS Hermione.
Uarsciek: Sunk on 14 December 1942 south of Malta by HMS Petard and RHN Queen Olga.
Uebi Sciebeli: Sunk on 29 June 1940 by HMS Dainty and HMS Ilex.
Zara Class Cruiser
Fiume: Sunk in the Battle of Cape Matapan, on 29 March 1941.
Gorizia: Damaged by air bombing while in La Maddalena on 10 April 1943. It transferred to La Spezia for repairs. Gorizia was sunk by a joint Italo-British Human Torpedo attack on 22 June 1944. She was salvaged after the war to become scrap metal.
Pola: Sunk in the Battle of Cape Matapan on 29 March 1941.
Zara: Sunk in the Battle of Cape Matapan on 29 March 1941.
About Zara Class Cruisers.
Trento Class Cruiser
Trento: Sunk on 25 June 1942 (2nd battle of Sirte) by British torpedo bombers.
Trieste: Sunk on 10 April 1943 by enemy bombers while in La Maddalena. Salvaged after the war and sold to Spain and later destroyed for scrap in 1959.
Bolzano: Torpedoed and damaged British submarine HMS Unbroken on 13 August 1942 north of Sicily (close to Panarea island). It was moved to La Spezia for repair which was never completed. Sunk in La Spezia on 22 June 1944 by Italian and British frogmen (the same fate of Gorizia). Sold for scrap in September 1949.
About the Trento Class Cruisers.
Condottieri Class Cruiser
Di Giussano Class I
Giovanni delle Bande Nere: On the morning of 1 April 1942, Bande Nere left Messina for La Spezia escorted by the Destroyer Aviere and Patrol Boat Libra. At 0900 hours and 11 miles from Stromboli, they were intercepted by the British submarine HMS Urge. A torpedo broke the Bande Nere into two sections and she sank quickly.
Alberico da Barbiano: Sunk on 13 December 1941 by British/Dutch 4th Destroyer Flotilla in the Battle of Cape Bon during an aborted resupply mission.
Alberto di Giussano: Sunk on 13 December 1941 by British/Dutch 4th Destroyer Flotilla in the Battle of Cape Bon during an aborted resupply mission.
Bartolomeo Colleoni: Received a shell hit to the engine room from HMAS Sydney which immobilized her and left her an easy target for the Destroyers’ torpedoes. She sank with the loss of 121 sailors
Cadorna Class II
Luigi Cadorna: It survived the war and remained in the Italian Navy until decommissioning in 1951.
Armando Diaz: Sank on 25 February 1941 by the British submarine HMS Upright.
Montecuccoli Class (III)
Raimondo Montecuccoli: In September 1943 it arrived in Malta as the main bulk of the remaining Italian navy. Turned into a training ship in 1949. Decommissioned in 1964.
Muzio Attendolo: Torpedoed by the British submarine HMS Unbroken on 13 August 1942. It was able to reach Messina with a destroyed bow and later to Naples for repairs. Sunk by air bombings on 4 December 1942. Scrapped in 1946.
D’Aosta Class (IV)
Eugenio di Savoia: Given to Greece as reparations. Renamed “Elli” by the HN and scrapped in 1964.
Emanuele Filiberto Duca d’Aosta: Given to the Soviet Union as reparations. Renamed “Kerch” by the Red Navy and scrapped in 1960.
Duca degli Abruzzi Class (V)
Giuseppe Garibaldi: Survived the war and continued a very long service in the Italian navy. In 1945, the torpedo launchers were removed. Two additional 100/47 AA guns were added in 1947. A refit was completed between 1950-1951. In 1953 it became reconfigured as a guided-missile cruiser. The conversion was performed during 1957/1962. It also possessed silos for Polaris nuclear missiles, even if such missiles were never bought. Decommissioned in 1971 (scrapped).
Luigi di Savoia Duca degli Abruzzi: Survived the war. In 1945, the torpedo launchers were removed. In 1947, it was fitted with two additional 100/47 AA guns. Refitted in 1951-1953. Scrapped in 1961.
See the Condottieri Class Cruisers.
The San Giorgio Class Heavy Cruiser
San Giorgio: Scuttled in Tobruk 22 January 1941
San Marco: Converted into a target ship in the early 1930s. Discovered sunk following WWII. Scrapped in 1949.
About the San Giorgio Class Cruiser.
Capitani Romani Class Cruisers
Attilio Regolo: Ceded to France in 1948 who renamed it the Chateaurenault.
Caio Mario: Captured in La Spezia by the Germans, with only the hull completed. Used as a floating oil tank and scuttled in 1944.
Claudio Druso: Construction canceled June 1940. Scrapped between 1941-1942.
Claudio Tiberio: Construction canceled June 1940. Scrapped between November 1941 and February 1942.
Cornelio Silla: Captured in Genoa by the Germans before completion. Sunk in an air raid in July 1944.
Giulio Germanico: Captured by the Germans in Castellammare di Stabia while still under construction. Scuttled by the Germans on 28 September 1943. She was raised and completed by the Italians following the war. Renamed San Marco and served as a destroyer leader until scrapped in 1971.
Ottaviano Augusto: Captured by the Germans in Ancona while under construction. It sank in an air attack on 1 November 1943.
Paulo Emilio: Construction canceled. Scrapped between October 1941 and February 1942.
Pompeo Magno: Renamed as “San Giorgio”. Served as a destroyer leader until 1963. Served as a training ship in 1965 and decommissioned and scrapped in 1980.
Scipione Africano: Ceded to France in 1948. Renamed S7 and then Guichen. Scrapped 1979.
Ulpio Traiano: Sunk in Palermo by British human torpedo on 3 January 1943.
Vipsanio Agrippa: Construction canceled and scrapped by August 1942.
About the Capitani Romani Class.
Maestrale Class Destroyers
Maestrale: Scuttled during repairs in Genoa after the armistice on 9 September 1943.
Grecale: It survived the war and served the Italian Navy until 1954.
Libeccio: Sunk on 9 November 1941 by the British submarine HMS Upholder.
Scirocco: Sunk in a storm following the Second Battle of Sirte on 23 March 1942.
Freccia Class Destroyers
Freccia: Bombed and sunk on 8 August 1943 off the coast of Genoa.
Dardo: Captured by Germans and renamed TA31. Scuttled on 24 April 1945.
Strale: Beached on 21 June 1942 near Cape Bon and finished off by torpedoes from the British submarine HMS Turbulent.
Saetta: Sunk off the coast of Tunisia after hitting a minefield on 3 February 1943.
Folgore Class Destroyers
Folgore: Sunk off Tunisia by British Force Q on 2 December 1942.
Lampo: Sunk by bombers on 30 April 1943 at Cape Bon.
Fulmine: Sunk by Force K in the Battle of the Beta Convoy (Battle of the Duisburg Convoy) on 9 November 1941.
Baleno: Sunk on 17 April 1941 by British destroyers HMS Jervis, Nubian, Mohawk, and Janus during the Battle of the Tarigo Convoy.
Turbine Class Destroyers
Turbine: Seized by Germans during the Italian Armistice and served in the Kriegsmarine as the TA14. Sunk by rockets fired from a USAAF aircraft in Salamis on 16 September 1944.
Nembo: Sunk by Swordfish torpedo bombers from HMS Eagle in the Gulf of Bomba on 20 July 1940.
Borea: Sunk by aircraft from HMS Illustrious in Benghazi harbor on 17 September 1940.
Aquilone: Sunk by mines laid by aircraft from HMS Illustrious in Benghazi harbor on 17 September 1940.
Ostro: Sunk by Swordfish torpedo bombers from HMS Eagle in the Gulf of Bomba on 20 July 1940.
Espero: Sunk by HMAS Sydney off Tobruk on 28 June 1940.
Zeffiro: Sunk by Swordfish torpedo bombers from HMS Eagle in Tobruk on 5 July 1940.
Euro: Sunk off the coast of Leros by German bombers on 1 October 1943.
Sauro Class Destroyers
Nazario Sauro: Sunk on 3 April 1941 by Allied bombing.
Cesare Battisti: Scuttled on 3 April 1941.
Francesco Nullo: Beached 20 October 1940, on Harmi island following a battle with HMS Kimberley. Three RAF Bristol Blenheim bombers destroyed the wreckage the following day.
Daniele Manin: Sunk by a bombing on 3 April 1941.
Sella Class Destroyers
Quintino Sella: Sunk by a German S-Boote in the Adriatic on 11 September 1943.
Francesco Crispi: Sunk by air attack on 8 March 1944 in the Aegean Sea.
Bettino Ricasoli: Sold to the Swedish Navy as the Puke.
Giovanni Nicotera: Sold to the Swedish Navy as the Psilander.
Leone Class Destroyers
Leone: Wrecked on an uncharted rock off Massawa on 1 April 1941.
Tigre: Scuttled on the Arabian shores on 3 April 1941.
Pantera: Scuttled on the Arabian shores on 3 April 1941.
Mirabello Class Destroyers
Carlo Mirabello: Sunk by mines on 21 May 1942 off the coast of Cape Dukato, Albania.
Carlo Alberto Racchia: Sunk by mines on 21 June 1920 in the Black Sea.
Augusto Riboty: Provided as war reparation to the USSR. Scrapped in 1951.
Navigatori Class Destroyers
Alvise Da Mosto: Sunk by Force “K” HMS Aurora & HMS Penelope near Tripoli, 1 December 1941.
Antonio Da Noli: Sunk off Corsica after hitting a mine on 9 September 1943.
Nicoloso Da Recco: Survived the war decommissioned on 15 July 1954.
Giovanni Da Verrazzano: Sunk 19 October 1942 by British submarine Unbending.
Lancellotto Malocello Lancelotto: Lost on 24 March 1943 to a mine north of Cape Bon.
Leone Pancaldo: Bombed and sunk on 30 April 1943 near Tunisia.
Emanuele Pessagno: Sunk by the British submarine HMS Turbulent on 29 May 1942.
Antonio Pigafetta: Captured by the Germans after the Italian armistice with the Allies, served as the TA44. Sunk on 21 February 1945.
Luca Tarigo: Sunk by British destroyers on 16 April 1941 but torpedoed and sank British destroyer HMS Mohawk before sinking.
Antoniotto Usodimare: Sunk by friendly fire from submarine Alagi on 8 June 1942 while escorting a convoy to Tripoli.
Ugolino Vivaldi: Bombed and sunk by German aircraft while attempting to reach internment in Spain following the Italian Armistice 10 September 1943.
Nicolò Zeno: Scuttled in Trieste on 9 September 1943 following the armistice to prevent capture by Germans.
About Navigatori Class
Oriani class destroyers
Alfredo Oriani: Escaped from La Spezia during the Italian Armistice in 1943 and interned in Malta. Provided to the French Navy as war reparation and renamed the D’Estaing. Decommissioned in 1954.
Vincenzo Gioberti: Sunk on 9 August 1943 by the British submarine HMS Simoom.
Giosuè Carducci: Sunk on 28 March 1941 in the Battle of Cape Matapan.
Vittorio Alfieri: Sunk on 28 March 1941 in the Battle of Cape Matapan.
Soldati Class Destroyer (19)
Alpino: Sunk by USAAF bombers in La Spezia on 19 April 1943
Artigliere (I): Sunk by HMS York on 13 October 1940 at the Battle of Cape Passero.
Ascari: Sunk off the coast of Tunisia after hitting a minefield on 24 March 1943.
Aviere: Sunk by the British submarine HMS Splendid on 17 December 1942.
Bersagliere – Sunk on 7 January 1943 in Palermo by U.S. bombers.
Camicia Nere: Given to the Soviet Navy as war reparations and renamed Lovky. Decommissioned in 1960.
Carabiniere: Served in the post-war Italian Navy and decommissioned on 18 January 1965.
Corazziere: Scuttled during the Italian Armistice of 9 September 1943. Raised by Germans but sunk by Allied bombing of 4 September 1944.
Fuciliere: Given to the Soviet Navy as war reparations and renamed Lyogky. Decommissioned in 1960.
Geniere: Sunk by USAAF bombers while in drydock in Palermo 1 March 1943
Granatiere: Served in the post-war Italian Navy and decommissioned on 1 July 1958.
Lanciere: Sunk in heavy weather after the 2nd battle of Sirte on 23 March 1942.
(Series Two: completed before 8 Sep 43)
Bombardiere: Sunk off the coast of Sicily by the British submarine HMS United on 17 January 1943.
Velite: Transferred to the French Navy as war reparation. It served as the Duperre until June 1961.
Corsaro – Sunk 9 January 1943 by a mine off the coast of Tunisia.
Legionario: Transferred to the French Navy as a war reparation. Renamed the Duchaffaultt and served until 12 June 1954.
Mitragliere: Transferred to the French Navy as war reparation. Renamed the Jurien de la Graviere and served until 12 June 1954.
(Second series – uncompleted)
Carrista: Never completed and canceled in 1941.
Squadrista: Never completed. Sank during sea trials on 4 September 1944 by Allied bombers.
(WWI Light Cruisers)
Bari: (ex-German Pillau): Sunk by U.S bombers 1943
Taranto (ex-German Strassburg): Scuttled on armistice and raised by Germans. Sunk by Allied bombers in October 1943. Raised by Germans and finally sunk by bombers in 1944. Scrapped in 1947.
Spica Class Torpedo Boat Type Alcione
Arione: Sunk on 12 October 1940 in the battle of Cape Passero by cruiser HMS Ajax.
Alcione: Sunk 11 December 1941 by submarine HMS Truant.
Aretusa: Survived the war and served in the post-war Marina Militare. Decommissioned on 1 August 1958.
Ariel: Sunk on 12 October 1940 in the battle of Cape Passero by cruiser HMS Ajax.
Calliope: Survived the war and served in the post-war Marina Militare. Decommissioned on 1 August 1958.
Circe: Sank off Sicily after an accidental ramming by a merchant vessel under escort on 27 November 1941.
Clio: Survived the war and served in the post-war Marina Militare. Decommissioned in 1959.
Libra: Survived the war and served in the post-war Marina Militare. Decommissioned in 1964.
Lince: Sunk in Taranto by the British submarine HMS Ultor on 28 August 1943.
Lira: Scuttled 9 September 1943. Repaired by the Germans and served as the TA-49. Sunk by bombing 4 November 1944.
Lupo: Sunk on 2 December 1942 by Force K off the Kerkennah bank while engaged in rescuing survivors from merchant ship Veloce (she was an escort to Convoy “C”).
Pallade: Sunk in Naples by U.S. bombers on 5 August 1943.
Partenope: Scuttled in the port of Naples when German forces approach the harbor on 11 September 1943.
Pleiadi: Sunk 14 October 1941 by bombing in Tripoli harbor.
Polluce: Sunk by torpedo bombers on 4 September 1942.
Spica Class Torpedo Boat Type Perseo
Aldebaron: Sunk 20 October 1941 by mines laid by submarine HMS Rorqual.
Altair: Sunk 20 October 1941 by mines laid by submarine HMS Rorqual.
Andromeda: Sunk by British torpedo bombers at Valona, Albania on 17 March 1941.
Antares: Sunk by USAAG bombers in Livorno on 28 March 1943.
Perseo: Sunk off the coast of Tunisia by British destroyers on 4 May 1943.
Sagittario: Survived the war and served in the post-war Marina Militare. Decommissioned in 1964.
Sirio: Survived the war and served in the post-war Marina Militare. Decommissioned in 1959.
Vega: Sunk by HMS Hereward 10 January 1941.
Spica Class Torpedo Boat Type Climene
Canopo: Sunk on 3 May 41 by British bombers at Tripoli.
Cassiopea: Survived the war. Remained in service with the Italian Navy until 1959.
Castore: Sunk on 2 June 1943 by HMS Jervis and Greek torpedo boat Vasilissa Olga.
Centauro: Sunk on 4 November 1942 during a bombing raid on Bengasi.
Cigno: Sunk after a convoy battle off the coast of Sicily on 16 April 1943.
Climene: Sunk on 28 April 1943 by the British submarine HMS Unshaken.
About Spica Class Torpedo Boats.
Orsa Class Torpedo Boat
Pegaso: Scuttled on 11 September 1943.
Procione: Scuttled on 11 September 1943.
Orione: Survived the war and served in the post-war Marina Militare. Decommissioned in 1964.
Orsa: Survived the war and served in the post-war Marina Militare. Decommissioned in 1964.
Ciclone Class Torpedo Boat
Aliseo: Provided as reparation to the Yugoslav Navy in 1949 as the Triglav.
Animoso: Provided as reparation to the USSR as the Ladnyin 1949. Sank as a missile target on 28 August 1959.
Ardente: Sunk in a collision with the destroyer Grecale on 12 January 1943.
Ardimentoso: Provided as reparation to the USSR as the Liuty in 1949. Scrapped in 1960.
Ardito: Captured by the Germans in September 1943. Served as Torpedoboot Ausland TA26. Sunk on 15 June 1944 by U.S Navy PT boats.
Ciclone: Sunk by mines 8 March 1943.
Fortunale: Provided as reparation to the USSR in 1949. Renamed Liotny and sunk as a target ship in 1959.
Ghibli: Seized by the Germans in September 1943 but never repaired. Scuttled in La Spezia on 25 April 1945.
Groppo: Sunk on 25 May 1943 by bombing at Messina.
Impavido: Captured by the Germans in September 1943. Served as Torpedoboot Ausland TA23. Sunk by British MTBs on 25 April 1944.
Impetouso: Scuttled on 11 September 1943.
Indomito: War reparation to the Yugoslav Navy in 1949 and renamed the Boikovo.
Intrepido: Captured by the Germans in September 1943. Served as Torpedoboot Ausland TA25. Sunk by U.S PT boats 21 June 1944.
Monsone: Sunk 21 June 1944 in Naples by USAAF bombers.
Tifone: Scuttled in Tunis on 7 May 1943.
Uragano: Sunk by mines on 3 February 1943.
Gabbiano Class Corvette
Ardea: Not completed
Berenice: Sunk on 9 September 1943.
Camoscio: Sunk on 15 August 1944.
Cavalletta: Seized by Germans and later scrapped.
Cervo: Never completed.
Clava: Seized by Germans and later scrapped.
Cicogna: Bombed and scuttled on 24 July 1943.
Cormornano: Decommissioned in 1966.
Daino: Never completed.
Egeria: Sunk by the Free-French destroyer Le Terrible at the Battle of Ist on 29 February 1944.
Euridice: Never completed.
Euterpe: Scuttled in September 1943.
Gazzella: Sunk after hitting a mine on 5 August 1943.
Minerva: Decommissioned in 1970.
Persefone: Scuttled in September 1943
Scure: Never completed.
Stambecco: Never completed.
Strolaga: Never completed.
Tersicore: Never completed.